History

srI:
srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImadh varavaramunayE nama:
srI vAnAchala mahAmunayE nama:

thirukkuLanthai, also known as perunguLam/pAlikA vanam is part of navathiruppathi (9 dhivya dhEsams) located in and around AzhwAr thirungari.

mUlavar in this dhivya dhEsam is named as vEnkatavANan (srInivAsan) – as proclaimed by nammAzhwAr in this thiruvAimozhi 8.2. uthsavar is named mAyakkUththan (magnificient dancer) as well as chOra nAttiyan (one who steals the hearts of devotees through his divine dance).

sthala purANam :

A brAhmaNa named vEdhasAran was a devotee of vEnkatavANan (srInivAsan) emperumAn. He had a beautiful wife named kumudhavathi. They prayed to bhagavAn for offsprings and with the grace of vEnkatavANan emperumAn‘s grace they begot a daughter named kamalAvathi.

In Himalayas, an rAkshasa named silAsaran, wanted to marry 1000 beautiful girls at the same time to obtain some special power. He captured 998 beautiful girls already and was searching for just two more. He was flying in sky and he found kumudhavathi who is the wife of vEdhasAran. He captured her too and took her to Himalayas and he went searching for the last girl to marry. In the mean time, vEdhasAran approached vEnkatavANan emperumAn to get back his wife. Immediately vEnkatavANan emperumAn mounted on his garudAzhwAr and went to Himalayas to recover kumudhavathi.  He freed all the girls and easily brought kumudhavathi back to thirukkuLanthai and returned her to vEdhasAran.

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Subsequently, the rAkshasa reached Himalayas and he found all the girls were missing. He finds out what happened there and he arrives at thirukkuLanthai to fight with vEnkatavANan. A fierce battle takes place between emperumAn and the rAkshasa on the banks of thAmirabharaNi river. Finally, emperumAn broke his legs and danced on his head. Because of this divine dance he became to be called as mAyakkUththan and chOranAttiyan.

kamalAvathi, the daughter of vEdhasAran starts doing a penance towards emperumAn to marry him. ermperumAn appears in front of her on thai (makara) month sukla paksha dhvAdhasi, pushya (pUsa) nakshathram, converted her into a small maNi (bead) and placed her on his chest. Hence thirukkalyANa uthsavam is celebrated on thai (makara) pUsam (pushyam) every year. garudAzhwAr is also given special status in this dhivya dhEsam and is seated along with mAyakoothan in his sannidhi.

perumaL with thAyArs, garudAzhwAr

thAyAr is named kuLanthaivalli nAchiyAr and the dhivya dhEsam is also named after her. Another thAyAr is named alarmEl mangai nAchiyAr (divine consort of vEnkatavANan/srInivAsan emperumAn).

There is a big pond in this dhivya dhEsam, so the place is also known as perunguLam (big tank/pond).

mAyakkUtthan uthsavar

mAyakkUththan and nammAzhwAr

nammAzhwAr performed mangaLAsAsanam to this emperumAn in his thiruvAimozhi thiruvAimozhi – 8-2. Also, In thiruvAimozhi 8-5-1, AzhwAr says “mAyakkUththA vAmanA … vAsath thadAgam pOl varuvAnE ……” (vAmanan emperumAn arrives like a fragrant pond). The place near this temple is named as “vAsath thadAgam” and is  believed to be the place where emperumAn and AzhwAr meets (mAnasIkam – AzhwAr in his thoughts).

azhagiya maNavALa perumAL nAyanAr in his AchArya hrudhayam chUrNikai 172 brings out nammAzhwAr‘s divine emotions for this emperumAn and explains that this emperumAn will beautifully reveal his magnificient leelAs to the ones who are greatly attached to him.

During nAyakkar kings Period, the king built a Mandapam known as nAyakkar maNdapam in AzhwAr thirunagari to recieve navathiruppathi emperumAns who arrive from their dhivya dhEsams during vaikAsi brahmOthsavam to Alwarthirunagari to wait before the mangaLAsAsanam. He offered a gold kavacham (armour) for the emperumAn who arrives first to the maNdapam. Though, mAyakkUththan emperumAn arrives from a far distance and usually arrives at the end, but that particular year, he arrived first and accepted the kavacham from the king and blessed the king.

Let us visit this wonderful dhivya dhEsam and be blessed by emperumAn, AzhwAr and AchAryas.

 

Summary (From http://acharya.org/dd/k/thiru-kuLandhai.html)

AzhwAr emperumAnAr jIyar thiruvadigaLE charaNam
jIyar thiruvadigaLE charaNam

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